Car safety

Broadly speaking, safety technology can be divided into active and passive. As the name suggests, active safety equipment refers to various solutions aimed at preventing an accident. For example, this includes ESP in modern machines.

If there are not enough active systems and the accident cannot be prevented, then passive safety equipment will come into play, the task of which is to prevent serious injuries caused by the collision. The best example of a passive solution is collision-responsive airbags used in cars.

Evolution of car safety features


The main emphasis of the last century was on the development of passive security solutions. It is only with because of the birth of the modern computer that more attention has been paid to preventive measures. Today’s modern machine has more electronics than a 20th century household. As a passenger, however, we only see the top of the iceberg while driving, because many solutions are well hidden and are only activated when a dangerous situation arises. For example, the new BMW 5 Series has 12 airbags and 5 different car stability solutions.

Here are some safety solutions that could be found in a new car:

  • Brake Assist – Minimizes stopping distance during emergency braking.
  • Frontal Collision Warning System (FCW) – beeps loudly if you approach a car too fast. However, the system itself will not brake.
  • Automatic Emergency Brake (AEB) – complements the previous system, starting with braking in the event of danger.
  • Pedestrian detection system – either audibly warns of danger or sometimes brakes automatically.
  • Adaptive cruise control – uses lasers, radar, camera or all of the above solutions to maintain an automatic and safe long distance with the car ahead.
  • Blind Spot Warning (BSW) – A red light on the side mirror indicates when there is a danger in the blind spot of your car. Newer systems can also brake and steer the car away from danger.
  • Rear traffic sensor – warns the driver of cross-traffic when reversing. This system is especially useful if you want to reverse from the shade of a house or another car.
  • Lane Departure Warning System (LDW) – Indicates when you deviate from your lane without indicating a turn signal.
  • Lane keeping assistance system – when not deviating from the lane, not only warns the driver but also steers the car back into line.
  • Active head restraints – In the event of an accident, the head restraints move forward to provide additional support.
  • Reversing camera – is becoming the standard for vans. Some newer systems can monitor the car’s surroundings 360 °.
  • Parking assistance systems – warn the driver of obstacles.
  • Automatic high beam – ensures maximum visibility by switching on and adjusting high beam automatically.


As you can see, today’s vehicles offer significantly more safety than the machines of the last millennium.

When buying a new car, we recommend that you pay close attention to the security solutions and choose the safest car that your wallet allows. But certainly not only a good car is enough, but you also have to choose a safe driving speed.

Stay safe!